Located on the narrow land bridge connecting South America with Central America, Panama is a small country with rich biological diversity. This isthmus, which once connected two major continents, is now home to an impressive variety of flora and fauna, making Panama a true paradise for nature lovers.

A Biological Corridor

Panama’s rainforests serve as a biological corridor for many species migrating between North and South America. These rich, dense jungles are home to pumas, jaguars, four species of monkeys, and a world of insects, amphibians, and reptiles that amaze any visitor.

Birds: Panama’s Winged Spectacle

With over 1,000 recorded species, Panama is a dream come true for birdwatchers. The resplendent quetzal, the red macaw, and the harpy eagle (Panama’s national bird) are just a few of the country’s winged jewels.

Marine Wonders

The two oceans that embrace Panama’s coasts, the Pacific and the Atlantic, are teeming with life. The coral reefs of the Bocas del Toro archipelago are home to colorful fish, rays, and sea turtles. Additionally, every year, Panama’s shores witness the majestic journey of humpback whales migrating here to breed.

National Parks: Biodiversity Sanctuaries

Panama boasts several national parks, like the Darien National Park, a World Heritage site and the largest in Central America. These parks not only protect the country’s biodiversity but also offer unique opportunities for research and ecotourism.

Culture and Biodiversity

Panama’s indigenous communities, such as the Guna and Emberá, have coexisted harmoniously with nature for centuries. Their traditions and sustainable practices are a living testament to a respectful relationship with the environment.

Conservation Challenges

Despite its rich biodiversity, Panama faces challenges such as deforestation and climate change. However, with joint conservation efforts and growing environmental awareness, the country is taking steps to protect its precious natural heritage.


Panama, often known only for its famous canal, is in fact a biodiversity treasure waiting to be discovered. Whether you marvel at the song of a quetzal in the highlands of Boquete or dive with vibrant coral in Coiba, Panama invites you to immerse yourself in its rich tapestry of life.

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